Dodging is a technique used in photography to control exposure and make areas of a photo lighter.
The Dodge Brush Tool allows you to precisely lighten areas of your image, and even limit the effect to just shadows, highlights or midtones. The effect is cumulative—the more you paint over an area, the more pronounced the lightening effect will be.
The following settings can be adjusted from the context toolbar:
Width—the brush (stroke) size in pixels. Type directly in the text box or drag the pop-up slider to set the value.
Opacity—how see through the brush is. Type directly in the text box or drag the pop-up slider to set the value.
Flow—how fast the brush effect is applied (1% is very slow, 100% is immediate). Type directly in the text box or drag the pop-up slider to set the value.
Hardness—how hard the edges of the brush are. The brush appears softer as the percentage decreases. Type directly in the text box or drag the pop-up slider to set the value.
More—click to display the Brushes dialog to access advanced brush settings.
Force pressure to control size—Click to control brush stroke size with pressure if using a pressure-sensitive device. This overrides brush defaults.
Stabilizer—enables stroke stabilization using either a Rope stabilizer or Window stabilizer mode; the former drags the stroke end by a 'rope' to smooth the stroke but lets you introduce sharp corners at increasing rope Length (radius) values by redirecting the slackened rope; the latter will smooth the stroke by averaging sampled input positions within a Window whose size is configurable.
Symmetry—when set to greater than 0, repeats the brush stroke around a number of axes (defined by the symmetry value). The center axis point can be repositioned by click-dragging it.
Mirror—with symmetry enabled, causes brush strokes to be mirrored along the X and Y axis.
Lock—when checked, prevents the symmetry line from being moved.
Tonal Range—limits the effect to a specific tonal range. Choose Shadows, Midtones or Highlights from the pop-up menu.
Protect Hue—when selected, the color tone remains faithful to the original hue.