Colour management

The colour and tonal information in a digital document is stored as numbers. When we share these documents between devices, the device has to work out how to display the colour. As not all devices can display the same colour gamut it can lead to colours looking different on each device.

Colour Profiles

Images without colour profiles (or with unsupported colour profiles) may not look the same across each device.

To ensure that the colour looks the same on each device, we use colour profiles to tell the device how to display or render the colour information.

Colour Profiles

Images with the correct profile for a calibrated device should closely match.

In Affinity Photo, an opened file's colour profile is honoured by default. You have the option to convert it to the current working colour space. When placing images into an existing document, the image's embedded colour profile will always be converted to the document's current working space.

On export, you can choose to embed the document's or a named colour profile to ensure accurate colour management. Alternatively, the exported file can be unprofiled by not embedding the document or named profile.

Assigning colour profiles

Affinity Photo lets you choose global default colour profiles, assign a colour profile as you create a document, or at any point during your session.

To select default global colour profiles:
  1. From Affinity Photo>Preferences (Colour option), select an RGB, CMYK, Greyscale or LAB colour profile from the pop-up menus.
  2. From Affinity Photo>Preferences (Colour option), select an RGB, CMYK, Greyscale or LAB colour profile from the pop-up menus.
  3. Choose a Rendering Intent option and check Black Point compensation.
To select a new document's colour profile:
To convert the colour space of file to be opened to the current working space:

Options exist to warn that a file's working space will be converted, or that an unprofiled file will be assigned the current working space's profile.

To change your document's colour profile at any time:
  1. From the Document menu, select Convert Format / ICC Profile.
  2. Select a profile from the list in the dialog.
  3. Click Convert.
To embed a colour profile on file export:
  1. With Export Persona active, choose your Preset in the Export Options panel.
  2. (Optional) Select a different ICC profile from the pop-up menu. Otherwise, the document's colour profile will be embedded.
  3. Check Embed ICC profile.

About soft proofing

Soft proofing simulates output as you edit and design with respect to the colour profile and the paper medium you intend to print on.

In Affinity Photo, this can be done by applying a Soft Proof adjustment to your project. You can then preview how your output will appear, preventing any nasty surprises at print time.

Because soft proofing is applied as an adjustment you can apply multiple adjustments, and therefore produce soft proofs for multiple output devices.

As an example, if you want to create several different output types, you might want to start with a colour profile on document creation with a wide gamut (e.g., Adobe RGB 1998), and then change the profile to match the output destination. However, colour information may be thrown away if changing to a smaller colour gamut—simply changing back to a profile with a wider gamut will not restore the additional colour information. By applying a soft proof adjustment you prevent this, allowing you to work in a wider gamut until you are ready to change to your chosen output profile.

Installing ICC colour profiles

Affinity Photo detects and can use ICC colour profiles installed on your operating system when exporting files. No special steps have to be taken in the app to make profiles available for its use when exporting files; installed profiles are available from the ICC profile pop-up menu of the Export dialog.

Your operating system includes software to assign an installed profile to your printer.

To install a colour profile:
  1. Open the Colour Management control panel.
  2. Select the All Profiles tab.
  3. Select Add.
  4. Browse to the .icc file and select Add.
To assign an installed colour profile with your printer:
  1. In Finder, select Go > Utilities and open ColorSync Utility.
  2. Select the Devices tab.
  3. Select the printer with which to associate the profile.
  4. Select the profile from the pop-up menu next to Current Profile.
  1. Open the Colour Management control panel.
  2. Select the Devices tab.
  3. Select the device with which to associate the profile.
  4. Select Use my settings for this device.
  5. Select Add, then the profile you want to use for this device, then OK.
  6. (Optional) To make the profile the default for this device, select it and then Set as Default Profile.

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